Hindi alphabet:


The Hindi writing is called Devanagri and has swar (vowels)and wjandan (consonants).

a aa i ie oe oer i e ai o au ang

These vowels (swar) are only used at the beginning of words.

The hindiwriting is a calligraphy .Because it is not always possible to combine the vowels and wjandan in a nice way, the vowels are replaced by other signs unless the word starts with a vowel. These signs are called Maatra (= the vowel replacing sign)

Vowels

The vowels and their arrangement are:

Independent formRomanizedAs diacritic with प Independent formRomanizedAs diacritic with प
a ā पा
i पि ī पी
u पु ū पू
पृ पॄ
पॢ पॣ
e पे ai पै
o पो au पौ

Consonants

The consonants and their arrangement are:

sparśa
aghoṣa ghoṣa
alpaprāṇa mahāprāṇa alpaprāṇa mahāprāṇa
ka
/k/
kha
/kʰ/
ga
/ɡ/
gha
/ɡʱ/
ca
/c,t͡ʃ/
cha
/cʰ,t͡ʃʰ/
ja
/ɟ,d͡ʒ/
jha
/ɟʱ,d͡ʒʱ/
ṭa
/ʈ/
ṭha
/ʈʰ/
ḍa
/ɖ/
ḍha
/ɖʱ/
ta
/t̪/
tha
/t̪ʰ/
da
/d̪/
dha
/d̪ʱ/
pa
/p/
pha
/pʰ/
ba
/b/
bha
/bʱ/

anunāsika
(Nasal)
antastha
(Approximant)
ūṣma/saṃghashrī
(Fricative)
ghoṣa aghoṣa ghoṣa
alpaprāṇa mahāprāṇa
ṅa
/ŋ/
ha
/ɦ/
ña
/ɲ/
ya
/j/
śa
/ɕ,ʃ/
ṇa
/ɳ/
ra
/r/
ṣa
/ʂ/
na
/n/
la
/l/
sa
/s/
ma
/m/
va
/ʋ/

Devanāgarī numerals
गनिती
0
1
2
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4
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9