Caraway (Shia Jeera, Siya Zira)

Caraway (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa. The plant prefers warm, sunny locations and well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Culinary uses :
They are used as a spice in breads, especially rye bread.
Caraway is also used in liquors, casseroles, curry and other foods. It is more commonly found in European cuisine.
Caraway seed oil is also used as a fragrance component in soaps, lotions, and perfumes.

Medicinal uses :
It is mostly used as a decoction (tea) (tisane). As a (tisane) the “seeds” are used as a remedy for colic, loss of appetite and digestive disorders. An infusion of fruits and foliage is used as a vermifuge (to dispel intestinal worms).

Flavour :
The fruits, usually used whole, have a pungent, anise-like flavour and aroma.

Other names :
Meridian fennel.
Persian cumin,
Sushavi in Sanskrit.

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