Vigna mungo, known as Urad, urad dal, udad dal, urd bean, urd, urid, black matpe bean, black gram, black lentil (not to be confused with the much smaller true black lentil ), is a bean grown in southern Asia. It is largely used to make dal from the whole or split, dehusked seeds.
Black gram originated in India where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India
The product sold as “black lentil” is usually the whole urad bean or urad dal. The product sold as “white lentil” is the same lentil with the black skin removed.
The bean is boiled and eaten whole or, after splitting, made into dal.
Ground into flour or paste, it is also extensively used in South Indian culinary preparation like dosa, idli, vada, and papadum. When used this way, the white lentils are usually used.
Medicinal use :
Vigna mungo is used in traditional Indian (Ayurveda) medicine. Pharmacologically extracts have demonstrated immunostimolatory activity.
Other names :
Black matpe bean.