The Olive ( Olea europaea) is a species of a small tree in the family Oleaceae.
The olive tree is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and Africa. Its fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The olive tree has been cultivated for olive oil, fine wood, olive leaf, and the olive fruit.
Fresh olives are often sold at markets. Olives can be used green, ripe green (a yellower shade of green, or green with hints of colour), through to full purple black ripeness. Olives should be selected for general good condition and for firmness if green. For fermentation, the olives are soaked in water to wash, and then drained.
Medicinal use :
Olive oil has long been considered sacred; it was used to anoint kings and athletes in ancient Greece. It was burnt in the sacred lamps of temples as well as being the “eternal flame” of the original Olympic Games. Over the years, the olive has been the symbol of peace, wisdom, glory, fertility, power and pureness.
Olives are a naturally bitter fruit that is typically subjected to fermentation or cured with lye or brine to make it more palatable.
Other names :